Let’s begin with the basics. IoT is not a new word anymore, it is well known as the ‘Internet of Things’. IoT generally refers to any devices / things connected via internet that generates data for intelligence, generally known as Smart Things. The collection of field sensors, connected devices, communication channel, data aggregator and analyzer or intelligence are considered as an IoT System. The primary goal of IoT technology is to sense, connect, collect, analyze and interpret data. ‘Data’ refers to information about various parameters collected that otherwise cannot be acquired manually. Simple example – Smart watches that read heart rates / pulse rates; Home appliances’ that operate on voice commands over internet connectivity etc.
Some of the common use cases where Internet of Things can be applied are listed below:
Environments and many more
Moving one step ahead is the Industrial IoT (IIoT). IIoT stands as ‘Industrial Internet of Things’. It is a sub-specification of the broader umbrella of IoT. Compared with general IoT, Industrial IoT specification addresses more advanced capabilities to apply to Industrial use cases. Technically, Industrial IoT scenarios requires high speed internet and bi-direction communication to automate the operations. Generally, IoT is applied for reading data at real-time without any manual efforts. However, the same technologies can also be used to send data over to things. This specification is to specially enable internet connected device reciprocation and data interaction for industrial needs. IIoT is exclusively dedicated to industry usage to measure various parameters at rapid speed. Example – IoT sensors / devices that capture speed of cutting machine, boiler conditions, production line tracking, monitor machine performance and continuously monitor system behaviors etc.